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Advancing Formative Assessment in Every Classroom: A Guide for Instructional Leaders
Connie M. Moss and Susan M. Brookhart
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About This Book
Formative assessment is one of the best ways to increase student learning and enhance teacher quality. But effective formative assessment is not part of most classrooms, largely because teachers misunderstand what it is and don't have the necessary skills to implement it.
In this practical guide for school leaders, authors Connie M. Moss and Susan M. Brookhart define formative assessment as an active, continual process in which teachers and students work together--every day, every minute--to gather evidence of learning, always keeping in mind three guiding questions: Where am I going? Where am I now? What strategy or strategies can help me get to where I need to go? Chapters focus on the six elements of formative assessment: (1) sharing learning targets and criteria for success, (2) feedback that feeds forward, (3) student goal setting, (4) student self-assessment, (5) strategic teacher questioning, and (6) engaging students in asking effective questions.
Using specific examples based on their extensive work with teachers, the authors provide
"Strategic talking points" and "conversation starters" to address common misconceptions about formative assessment;
Practical classroom strategies to share with teachers;
Ways to model the elements of formative assessment in conversations with teachers about their professional learning;
"What if" scenarios and advice for how to deal with them; and
Questions for reflection to gauge understanding and progress.
As Moss and Brookhart emphasize, the goal is not to "do" formative assessment, but to embrace a major cultural change that moves away from teacher-led instruction to a "partnership of intentional inquiry" between student and teacher, with better teaching and learning as the outcome.
See the book's table of contents and read excerpts.
Table of Contents
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About the Authors
CONNIE M. MOSS, EdD is an Associate Professor in the Department of Educational Foundations and Leadership in the School of Education at Duquesne University and Director of the Center for Advancing the Study of Teaching and Learning. She served for 25 years as a K–12 educator, spending 17 of those years in early childhood, elementary, and middle school classrooms.
SUSAN M. BROOKHART, PhD is an independent educational consultant based in Helena, Montana. She works with ASCD as an ASCD Faculty Member, providing on-site professional development in formative assessment. She has taught both elementary and middle school. She was a Professor in and Chair of the Department of Educational Foundations and Leadership at Duquesne University, where she currently serves as Senior Research Associate in the Center for Advancing the Study of Teaching and Learning in the School of Education.
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assessment | classroom observation | instructional leadership | peer evaluation | student assessment
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