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Orlando, Fla.
October 31 - November 2, 2014
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2014 ASCD Conference on Educational Leadership

2014 ASCD Conference on Educational Leadership

October 31–November 2, 2014, Orlando, Fla.

Learn the secrets to great leadership practices, and get immediate and practical solutions that address your needs.

 

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Premium, Select, and Institutional Plus Member Book (Jan 2003)
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What Works in Schools

by Robert J. Marzano

Table of Contents

Chapter 14. Learned Intelligence and Background Knowledge

Learned intelligence might strike some as an oxymoron. The coupling of this phrase with the factor of background knowledge is certainly not common. However, at least one type of intelligence is learned; this type of intelligence is, for all practical purposes, the same as background knowledge.

Intelligence: The Two Types

I preface the examination of the research on intelligence by noting that some discussions make a distinction between intelligence and aptitude (Anastasi, 1982; Snow & Lohman, 1989). However useful, the distinction is a fairly technical one and does not serve the purposes of this chapter. Consequently, throughout this chapter and the remainder of the book, the terms intelligence and aptitude are used interchangeably.

 

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