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2015 ASCD Conference on Teaching Excellence

2015 ASCD Conference on Teaching Excellence

June 2628, 2015
Nashville, Tenn.

Invest in the power of great instruction and learn how to leverage it in classrooms and school districts.



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What Works in Schools

by Robert J. Marzano

Table of Contents

Chapter 17. Using the Model

In Chapter 16, I outlined three principles for a new era of school reform. When followed, these principles have the potential of making this wave of reform more significant than any previous effort. In this chapter, I outline the process a school might use to apply those principles using the model described in the previous chapters. The process can be characterized as involving four phases: (1) taking the pulse of a school, (2) identifying and implementing an intervention, (3) examining the effect on achievement, and (4) moving to the next issue.

Phase I: Take the Pulse of Your School

The first step is to examine the school's practices relative to the school-level, teacher-level, and student-level factors. To this end, I have developed and field-tested a questionnaire that can be found in its entirety in the Appendix (pp. 179–186). For discussion purposes, the first 21 items (showing the five school-level factors) are listed in Figure 17.1. The questionnaire in the Appendix has similar items for the teacher-level and student-level factors.


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