The term selection suggests that the individuals who make decisions have the tools they need to gather material to make informed choices. The interview comes second only to the employment application in terms of being the most commonly used way to evaluate applicants (Schmidt & Rader, 1999). In making the actual hiring decision, business organizations use interviews the vast majority of the time (Delaney, 1954; Dessler, 1997). More specific to educators' purposes, school administrators use interviews at least 85 percent of the time (Emley & Ebmeier, 1997). School district personnel use various types of interview formats, including telephone, face-to-face, and online interviews. Pros and cons of these formats are addressed in Figure 2.1.