Small-group work is becoming more and more commonplace in U.S. schools, but whole-class instruction is still a valid and necessary approach. Similarly, students need opportunities to work alone, whether writing, reading, completing assignments, taking tests, or simply thinking about how to approach a specific task. The common denominator of seat work and teacher-led activities is that, generally speaking, students remain in their seats.
Recommendations for Classroom Practice
We recommend that teachers in both elementary and secondary classrooms use the following strategies:
- Setting expectations for students working in their seats
- Maintaining students' attention during teacher-led activities
Setting Expectations for Students Working in Their Seats