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by Robert J. Marzano, Barbara B. Gaddy, Maria C. Foseid, Mark P. Foseid and Jana S. Marzano
Table of Contents
Small-group work is becoming more and more commonplace in U.S. schools, but whole-class instruction is still a valid and necessary approach. Similarly, students need opportunities to work alone, whether writing, reading, completing assignments, taking tests, or simply thinking about how to approach a specific task. The common denominator of seat work and teacher-led activities is that, generally speaking, students remain in their seats.
We recommend that teachers in both elementary and secondary classrooms use the following strategies:
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