1703 North Beauregard St.
Alexandria, VA 22311-1714
Tel: 1-800-933-ASCD (2723)
8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. eastern time, Monday through Friday
Local to the D.C. area: 1-703-578-9600
Toll-free from U.S. and Canada: 1-800-933-ASCD (2723)
All other countries: (International Access Code) + 1-703-578-9600
by Robert J. Marzano
Table of Contents
Consequences are the other side of rules and procedures. When students do a good job at following rules and procedures, their willingness to be a positive influence in the class should be recognized and acknowledged. Conversely, when students do not follow classroom rules and procedures, their behavior that detracts from learning should be noted. In effect, consequences should be both positive and negative. As with rules and procedures, consequences should be established at the beginning of the school year. Unlike rules and procedures, consequences are typically addressed routinely and frequently. That is, the teacher frequently reinforces adherence to rules and procedures as opposed to taking it for granted, and the teacher also acknowledges lack of adherence to rules and procedures. Rules and procedures for which there are no consequences—positive and negative—do little to enhance learning.
Let's return to our scenario. During the first week of class, Mr. Hutchins had students identify the consequences that would be enforced for not following rules and procedures. He was a little surprised at how harsh some of the students wanted those consequences to be. He also had students identify the positive consequences or acknowledgments they wanted when rules and procedures were followed. Again, he was surprised at how little students wanted in terms of positive consequences. Many students said they just wanted Mr. Hutchins to acknowledge that they were doing a good job.
You must be an ASCD Select or Premium member to view this content. Log in.
Copyright © 2007 by Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication—including the drawings, graphs, illustrations, or chapters, except for brief quotations in
critical reviews or articles—may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from ASCD.
Subscribe to ASCD Express, our free e-mail newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your e-mail inbox twice a month.
ASCD respects intellectual property rights and adheres to the laws governing them. Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online.