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by Robert J. Marzano and John L. Brown
Table of Contents
All students benefit from participating in authentic, real-world tasks that allow them to use academic knowledge in purposeful and reality-based ways. Specifically, students' ability to deepen their understanding of key declarative and procedural knowledge depends upon their experiences using it in conjunction with a variety of higher-order reasoning processes—specifically with the cognitive process of generating and testing hypotheses. This module, therefore, addresses the following types of real-world tasks that can be taught in a way that fosters hypothesis generation and testing: experimental inquiry, problem solving, decision making, and investigation.
Before examining the strategies in this module, take some time to examine your beliefs and practices by answering the following questions:
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