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February 2009 | Volume 66 | Number 5
How Teachers Learn
Linda Darling-Hammond and Nikole Richardson
Research shows how schools can create more powerful professional development experiences.
To help young people learn the more complex and analytical skills they need for the 21st century, teachers must learn to teach in ways that develop higher-order thinking and performance. To develop the sophisticated teaching required for this mission, education systems must offer more effective professional learning than has traditionally been available. What does research say about the kind of professional learning opportunities that improve instruction and student achievement?
In the last two decades, research has defined a new paradigm for professional development—one that rejects the ineffective "drive-by" workshop model of the past in favor of more powerful opportunities (Stein, Smith, & Silver, 1999). Research has begun to create a consensus about the content, context, and design of high-quality professional development (Hawley & Valli, 1999).
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Copyright © 2009 by Linda Darling-Hammond,Nikole Richardson
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