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2015 ASCD Conference on Teaching Excellence

2015 ASCD Conference on Teaching Excellence

June 2628, 2015
Nashville, Tenn.

Invest in the power of great instruction and learn how to leverage it in classrooms and school districts.



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Basic Member Book (Sep 2005)
Related Topics

School Leadership That Works

by Robert J. Marzano, Timothy Waters and Brian A. McNulty

Table of Contents

Chapter 4. The 21 Responsibilities of the School Leader

The average correlation of .25 produced in our meta-analysis was based on principal leadership defined in very general terms. However, researchers and theorists in school leadership have cautioned that such generality doesn't tell us much in a practical sense. For example, Wimpleberg, Teddlie, and Stringfield (1989) have exhorted that research on principal leadership not only must attend to general characteristics of behavior such as “has a vision,” but also must identify specific actions that affect student achievement. Consequently, we examined the 69 studies in our meta-analysis looking for specific behaviors related to principal leadership. We identified 21 categories of behaviors that we refer to as “responsibilities.” They are listed in Figure 4.1 on p. 42 along with their correlations with student achievement.

Figure 4.1. The 21 Responsibilities and Their Correlations (r) with Student Academic Achievement


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