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by Robert J. Marzano, Barbara B. Gaddy, Maria C. Foseid, Mark P. Foseid and Jana S. Marzano
Table of Contents
“Withitness” is a term coined by researcher Jacob Kounin (1970), who found that the most effective managers regularly monitor their classrooms and address even the possibility of misbehavior immediately. Withitness has been described in the following way:
Effective managers monitored their classroom regularly. They positioned themselves so that they could see all students and they continuously scanned the room to keep track of what was going on, no matter what else they were doing at the time. (Good & Brophy, 2003, p. 112)
Four behaviors constitute withitness:
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