1703 North Beauregard St.
Alexandria, VA 22311-1714
Tel: 1-800-933-ASCD (2723)
8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. eastern time, Monday through Friday
Local to the D.C. area: 1-703-578-9600, press 2
Toll-free from U.S. and Canada: 1-800-933-ASCD (2723), press 2
All other countries: (International Access Code) + 1-703-578-9600, press 2
by Connie M. Moss and Susan M. Brookhart
Table of Contents
This book would not have been possible if it were not for countless educators across the country whose insights have enriched our lives and inspired us. While they are too numerous to name here, several school districts and educators in Western Pennsylvania deserve special mention.
We are fortunate to continue our decade-long partnership with the Armstrong School District. We extend particular thanks to the members of its leadership team, who have been with us from the beginning: Beverly Long, Shauna Zukowski, and Cheryl Soloski. We owe a debt of gratitude to their principals: Paula Berry, Russell Carson, Michael Cominos, Tom Dinga, James Rummel, Sue Kreidler, Kirk Lorigan, Rox Serraro, and Stephen Shutters. Your critical questions and daily work to help students aim for understanding in today's lesson, and every lesson, expanded our thinking and informed our writing. We also thank Stan Chapp, Michael Glew, Matthew Pawk, and Brad Schrecengost for their support.
We are grateful to the educators of the Norwin School District for their dedication to advancing formative assessment in every classroom. We appreciate their leadership team members William H. Kerr, Tracy A. McNelly, and Mary Anne Hazer for their unwavering support and constant presence in every professional development meeting. We thank their principals and administrators Maggie Zimmer, Edward Federinko, Timothy Kotch, Michael Choby, Joseph Shigle, Robert Suman, Heather Newell, Rosemarie Dvorchak, Brian Henderson, Daryl Clair, M. Joanne Elder, Doreen Harris, and Natalie McCracken for working along with us and their teachers to grow this important initiative. We extend special thanks to a remarkable group of educators, especially Joe Agnew, Carol Borland, Sara Colosimo, Denise Ebbitt, Natalie Janov, Anne Marie Morgante, Larry Paladin, Kelly Sevin, Julia Woitkowiak, and Angelina Yezovich. Your contributions to this work are many. Finally, we gratefully acknowledge the newest members of our Norwin teacher group: Nancy Abramovic, Mandy D'Alesio, Alison McNary, Wendy Melle, Connie Palmer, Scott Patrick, Jared Schultz, Steve Smith, Nicole Stoops, and Lyndsey Young.
Special thanks go to our colleague and dear friend George J. Gabriel and the administrative team of the New Castle Area School District. We especially appreciate your commitment to designing classroom environments that help all children learn and grow. Likewise, we extend our thanks to the district leadership teams from Midwestern Intermediate Unit IV. We specifically thank our dear colleague Cecilia Yauger for her steadfast dedication to making a difference in the lives of children, Virginia Kerr for a lifetime of crucial conversations, and Cathleen Cubelic for her support. We offer heartfelt thanks to the leadership team of the Laurel School District and extend our gratitude to Sandra Hennon and Susan Miller for being shining examples of servant leadership, and to the teachers, psychologists, counselors, and administrators on their leadership team for their commitment to effective instruction and meaningful learning.
We express our appreciation to all of our Duquesne University School of Education family. We extend our deepest gratitude to Launcelot Brown for his leadership and guidance and to our colleagues David Goldbach, Amy Protos, and Susan Bianco for their invaluable contributions. We are privileged to have you in our lives.
Finally, we thank our ASCD editors extraordinaire Miriam Goldstein and Genny Ostertag for their professionalism, good humor, and patience. Thank you for your invaluable feedback and advice. This book would not have been the same without you. We are extremely grateful for your talents and support.
Copyright © 2012 by ASCD. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication—including the drawings, graphs, illustrations, or chapters, except for brief quotations in
critical reviews or articles—may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from ASCD.
Subscribe to ASCD Express, our twice-monthly e-mail newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your e-mail inbox twice a month.
ASCD respects intellectual property rights and adheres to the laws governing them. Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online.