Conference Countdown
Dallas, Tex.
June 27-29, 2014
  • membership
  • my account
  • help

    We are here to help!

    1703 North Beauregard Street
    Alexandria, VA 22311-1714
    Tel: 1-800-933-ASCD (2723)
    Fax: 703-575-5400

    8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday

    Local to the D.C. area, 703-578-9600, press 2

    Toll-free from U.S. and Canada, 1-800-933-ASCD (2723), press 2

    All other countries (International Access Code) + 1-703-578-9600, press 2

  • Log In
  • Forgot Password?

 

Share
2014 ASCD Conference on Teaching Excellence

2014 ASCD Conference on Teaching Excellence

June 2729, 2014
Dallas, Tex.

Explore ways to make excellent teaching the reality in every classroom.

 

Permissions

ASCD respects intellectual property rights and adheres to the laws governing them. Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online.

Policies and Requests

Translations Rights

Books in Translation

Premium Member Book (Aug 2004)

PREMIUM MEMBERS
Log in to read this chapter.

SELECT and INSTITUTIONAL PLUS MEMBERS and NONMEMBERS

Building Background Knowledge for Academic Achievement

by Robert J. Marzano

Table of Contents

Chapter 2. Six Principles for Building an Indirect Approach

This book is about schools making a profound difference in the academic background knowledge of students by using an indirect approach as defined in Chapter 1. This chapter attempts to provide a reasonably comprehensive review, in nontechnical terms, of the research and theory supporting my recommendations. Six principles form the basis of those recommendations: (1) background knowledge is stored in bimodal packets; (2) the process of storing experiences in permanent memory can be enhanced; (3) background knowledge is multidimensional and its value is contextual; (4) even surface-level background knowledge is useful; (5) background knowledge manifests itself as vocabulary knowledge; and (6) virtual experiences can enhance background knowledge.

Background Knowledge Is Stored in Bimodal Packets

One of the defining features of background knowledge is that it is stored in what can be thought of as “packets” of information. Anderson (1995) refers to these packets as “memory records.” Insight into the nature of these packets or records provides clear guidance for indirect approaches to enhancing academic background knowledge.

 

You must be an ASCD Premium member to view this content.

Log in.




Loading Comments...