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by David W. Johnson, Roger T. Johnson and Edythe Johnson Holubec
Table of Contents
Cooperative base groups are long-term cooperative learning groups with stable membership whose primary responsibilities are to help students provide each other with support, encouragement, and assistance in completing assignments and hold each other accountable for striving to learn. Typically, cooperative base groups (1) are heterogeneous in membership (especially in terms of achievement, motivation, and task orientation), (2) meet regularly (daily or biweekly), and (3) last for at least the duration of a class (a semester or year) and preferably until the students are graduated. When students know that the cooperative base group will stay together until each member is graduated, they become committed to finding ways to motivate and encourage their groupmates. Problems in working with each other cannot be ignored or waited out.
The activities for base groups can include:
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