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September 1, 2018
Vol. 76
No. 1

Numbers of Note / Discipline Disparities

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Classroom Management
  • Black students are overrepresented by 23 percentage points in out-of-school suspensions and by 10 points in referrals to law enforcement.
  • Students with disabilities are overrepresented by 13 percentage points in out-of-school suspensions and by 15.5 points in law-enforcement referrals.
  • White students are underrepresented by 18 percentage points in out-of-school suspensions, and by 12 points in law-enforcement referrals.
Source: Government Accountability Office March 2018 report, K–12 Education Discipline Disparities for Black Students, Boys, and Students with Disabilities.

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